CrossCheck Plagiarism Screening: Understanding the Similarity Score

Posted by Guest Blogger on Aug 11, 2011 10:17:00 PM

Written by Kirsty Meddings, Product Manager at CrossRef ---CrossCheck, the plagiarism screening initiative from CrossRef and iParadigms has recently welcomed its 240th publisher and is becoming an established part of the crosscheck-crossref-plagiarism-ismteeditorial process for many journals. CrossCheck members use the iThenticate plagiarism detection system to screen submitted papers for originality and can quickly tell whether a paper contains passages of text that also appear in other publications or resources.


Tagged:  Resources

Media Misconduct: Should Everyone Get Equal Coverage?

Posted by David Rothschild on Aug 8, 2011 5:04:00 PM

media coverageSenator John Kerry recently made some very controversial statements when speaking on MSNBC’s “Morning Joe” segment.


Tagged:  Current Events

Can User-Based Content Eventually Replace Professional Reporting?

Posted by David Rothschild on Aug 1, 2011 12:49:00 PM

describe the imageJournalism is a profession that is currently in a major state of flux.  It’s not hard to see this - just take a look at any major news outlet.  Turn on CNN and you’ll see more Facebook profiles and Twitter handles than you would at a social media tradeshow.  Open the New York Times and everyday you’ll see an increasingly heavier push towards digital subscriptions.


Johann Hari and the Lesson For Other Businesses

Posted by Guest Blogger on Jul 27, 2011 11:56:00 AM

Written by Jonathan Bailey, copyright and plagiarism consultant with CopyByte and author of PlagiarismToday.

ethics plagiarism copyrightSince Jessica last talked about this case, Johann Hari, a columnist and interviewer for Britain’s “The Independent” has been forced to watch as the allegations against him deepen and the damage to his reputation and his paper’s grows by the day. According to readers, Hari took quotes from other sources and presented them as if they were things said in his interviews.

Though Hari didn’t claim other’s words as his own, over the past few weeks Hari has been suspended from the paper pending an internal investigation, which is expected to take two months, and has already had his prestigious George Orwell prize revoked.

Whether or not the scandal rises to the level of plagiarism, something Hari denies even in his apologies, it’s clear that it has brought a great deal of disrepute both to his name and a good deal of headache to The Independent, all at a time when British journalism is already reeling from other, much larger scandals.

However, the entire incident could have been easily avoided. Technology exists already that can detect these kinds of reuses and give businesses a chance to correct these problems before they become issues “in the wild”.

Despite this, most companies don’t take advantage of these tools. Fearing either high costs or employee backlash. But as the Hari case proves, there’s a lot to be risked by not taking preventative steps and, sadly, it’s not just newspapers and magazines that need to be concerned.

More Than Just Plagiarism Scandals

Though it’s tempting to think plagiarism and copy detection tools are useful solely for detecting plagiarists, it’s far from the case. As the Hari case shows, there’s a wide variety of ways content can be reused that creates problems and, as such, it’s generally worthwhile to detect and prevent duplicate content whenever possible.

Consider just some of the potential problems that can arise from unethically or unlawfully duplicated content:

  1. Legal Issues: Content reuse is often an infringement of the original author’s rights and, in those cases, the costs can be dire. Even cases that are quickly settled often costs tens of thousands of dollars in legal fees.
  2. Reputation Damage: Any content that you present as original but is later found to be duplicated will hurt your reputation and can damage your company’s name for years to come.
  3. SEO Problems: Search engines strongly favor original content so, when they detect duplicate entries they favor the original source when possible and punish the duplicate site, often broadly.
  4. Internal Problems: Not only does resolving a content duplication problem create additional work for others in the company as they have to investigate and correct the issue, but it can cause internal struggles as some fear what the incident may mean for them. In extreme cases, it can even lead to a culture of dishonesty.
  5. Job Loss: In addition to the internal struggles of a company, it is almost inevitable that more than just the person who did the deed will lose their job. For example, with the Jayson Blair scandal, at least two editors who oversaw Blair’s plagiarism were also forced out.

But while most of the major news stories have centered around print publications and their plagiarism issues, the truth is that all companies need to pay attention to their content and ensure its originality, lest it come back to bite them much harder at a later date.

Mass Media Law and Ethics, Not Just for Journalists

While it is easy to see the importance of content detection for journalism institutions and other publishers, what if your company sells bikes or carpet?

One of the major changes that the Internet has brought to us is that any company, no matter what product they sell or what size they are, has the potential to reach out to a global audience. With that immense power also comes a great deal of responsibility.

After all, the door swings both ways. While well-written original content on your site or in your company newsletter can get you business from all over the world, duplicate content can damage your reputation anywhere that Google can reach or even invite a lawsuit from another country.

To avoid this, you need to be thinking about the dangers before you hit publish and taking steps to prevent and mitigate problems before they arise.

Doing so, fortunately, is very easy but one has to be willing to deal with the potential threat even though no imminent danger may be staring at them.

Dealing with the Threat

Preventing the Web from biting your business means stopping unethical or unlawful duplicate content before it appears online. That, in turn, means addressing the issues beforehand and not waiting until later to deal with the issue.

In general, here are a few steps that every business should take:

  1. Address the Issue: Talk about the issue with those who operate your site and let them know of the dangers, both to the company and to their job. Let them know that the company takes these matters seriously and will not hesitate to act.
  2. Build a Policy: If you publish enough content, either online or off, you need to plan for the inevitability that some content will slip through, either by accident or by intent. You need to have a policy for dealing with such cases that includes both how to address the content and possible reactions to the person who published it.
  3. Check for Problems: If possible, use a plagiarism detection service to check works before they go online so you can address unexplained duplication before publishing it. If that isn’t practical, then perform spot checks of content put online, both to see if it is as original as presented and if others are misusing it.
  4. Address Issues Swiftly, Sternly and Fairly: When and if a problem does arise, deal with the matter immediately and sternly. Ideally, you should be following the policy created in step 2.
  5. Be Transparent: If a problem is discovered, be transparent about it. First and foremost, be transparent with your employees and coworkers, If the issue is one of great public interest, transparency is due there as well.

If you take these steps, not only will you have fewer problems, but if they do arise they will be less serious and less damaging.

All in all, this is truly a situation where an ounce of prevention is worth many pounds of cure.

Bottom Line

Almost certainly, “The Independent” could have avoided much of its current headache and problems if it had been checking Hari’s work along and along. They might have spotted the issue and been able to raise it with him in private, both sparing his career and the paper the reputation damage.

That, in turn, is one of the most important things to remember about these issues. Addressing them in the workplace might seem like you’re creating a hostile situation with your employees and coworkers, but such a system can just as easily help them as well and often does.

After all, for every scandal that’s damaged a company, there have been many that were narrowly avoided, detected by software or eagle-eyed editors, and corrected to ensure one mistake doesn’t sink a company or ruin a career.

In short, if done well, addressing these issues early helps everyone, not just the bottom line.


Tagged:  Current Events, Best Practices

Scientific Research Misconduct Can Leave a Field in Disarray

Posted by David Rothschild on Jul 20, 2011 9:35:00 AM

scientific research plagiarismMarc Hauser, a prominent Harvard psychology professor, recently resigned after being found guilty of scientific research misconduct. Hauser was renowned in the field of evolutionary biology, particularly in regards to his research with animal cognition and neuro-development. His ground-breaking work had previously been featured across numerous scientific publications, books, news articles and television programs.


Tagged:  Scientific Technical Medical

Revocation of 3 German Politicians' Ph.Ds For Plagiarism, 3 Reactions

Posted by Jessica Gopalakrishnan on Jul 18, 2011 8:27:00 AM

Plagiarism choices reactionsIt’s been only a few months since German Defense Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg resigned after being accused of plagiarizing his doctorate. Now two more German politicians have resigned and been stripped of their Ph.D’s as a result of plagiarism.

Last month Silvana Koch-Mehrin, a leading politician of the Free Democratic Party (FDP), and previously vice president of the European Parliament, was investigated by the The University of Heidelberg for plagiarism in her thesis, revocation of her Ph.D as the final result. According to, 120 passages on 80 different pages from nearly 30 different publications (and two-thirds of those not accurately cited) in her thesis were plagiarized.

Jorgo Chatzimarkakis, also a member of the Free Democrats (FDP), is the latest German politician to be revoked of his doctorate for plagiarism. The faculty at the University of Bonn invested his Ph.D thesis and found enough evidence to revoke the doctorate degree.

All three of these political figures had different excuses to the accusation of plagiarism.


Tagged:  Current Events, International, Technology

Plagiarism: Who Really Knows About It and Who Cares?

Posted by Jessica Gopalakrishnan on Jul 8, 2011 5:00:00 AM
Plagiarist Targeted Scholar

Tagged:  Social Media, Resources

British Columnist Challenges Definition of Plagiarism

Posted by Jessica Gopalakrishnan on Jul 6, 2011 12:22:00 PM

guilty of plagiarism or notJohann Hari has certainly set off a media frenzy the past two weeks challenging the definition of plagiarism. Last week it was discovered that Hari, columnist for the British newspaper the Independent and winner of the Orwell Prize, has a habit of taking statements or quotes from other reporters' interviews and inserting them into his own interview article as if the person had said it to him instead of the original reporter. Of course, without credit to the original reporter.


Tagged:  Current Events, International

SETAC Screens Research Manuscripts for Plagiarism

Posted by Jessica Gopalakrishnan on Jun 30, 2011 10:07:00 AM

setac logoJournals today are faced with the challenge of publishing work that may have been plagiarized. Publishing such work can seriously damage a journal's reputation. Thus, organizations are changing their editorial processes to detect and prevent plagiarism before papers are sent for review.


Tagged:  Best Practices, Technology

Spam and Duplicate Content Already Plague E-Books

Posted by David Rothschild on Jun 27, 2011 3:17:00 PM

ebook kindleLaura Miller from Salon recently penned a very enlightening article about the proliferation of ‘E-Book Spam,’ specifically on Amazon’s Kindle E-Reader. Although E-Books are still a relatively new form of content consumption, the medium is already facing the same spam problems that blogs and online publishers have battled with for more than a decade.


Tagged:  Technology